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12/mai/2010 Din nou despre competiţia Nabucco – South Stream

AZERBAIJAN – TURKEY – RUSSIA // Nabucco or South Stream, the battle over energy transit to Europe is on

The European Union wants Nabucco, a gas pipeline from Central Asia that bypasses Russia. Moscow wants to revive interest in the South Stream gas pipeline to retain its place as Europe’s main energy supplier. Construction in both pipeline projects is ready to go.

Tuesday, May 11, 2010, by Asia News  
 
Baku – Turkey and Azerbaijan have agreed on a price for Azeri gas and its transit through Turkish territory in direction of Europe. In the meantime, Russia and Austria agreed on terms to build the South Stream gas pipeline. Large-scale projects that would supply energy to Europe over the next decades are trying to outdo each other. Turkey and Azerbaijan has agreed to an earlier „agreement in principle” that had been informally leaked to the press two months ago. Now confidential sources cited by the Asia Times are saying that the deal is based on “concrete numbers”, a new bilateral contract for additional gas for Turkish domestic consumption as well as for further gas from the Shah Deniz Two deposit to be developed as a source for the Nabucco project.

[  G E O P O L I T I K O N  a mai publicat: Rusia, Uniunea Europeană şi proiectul Nabucco ]

Nabucco is designed to take gas from the Caspian Sea basin through Georgia and Turkey Citește în continuare

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12 mai 2010 Posted by | Geopolitica, Intelo | , , , , | Lasă un comentariu

06/mart/2010 EURAST recomandă: „The Economist” despre cursa energetică dintre South Stream, Nord Stream şi Nabucco în Europa Centrală

Energy security in Europe. Central questions

United in the cause of undermining Russian pipeline monopolies
Mar 4th 2010 | BUDAPEST AND WARSAW | From The Economist print edition

DOES “Central Europe” exist? It depends on the political climate. Amid worries that France and Germany are stitching up the European Union’s decision-making, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia are reviving their ties and pushing shared ideas on energy security and relations with the east.

The alliance began in Visegrad, a Hungarian town, in 1991, when even the EU’s waiting-room seemed distant. Once dreams of joining Western clubs became reality, co-operation all but dissolved. New members shunned anything that made them seem different from the rest. Squabbles, most recently over the treatment of ethnic Hungarians in Slovakia, dominated Visegrad meetings. Some even suggested winding the club up.

Not any more. At a summit in Budapest on February 24th Visegrad showed signs of renewed life. The big shift is in Poland, where go-it-alone policies have given way to enthusiasm for working with the neighbours. Under the voting rules of the Nice treaty, in force until 2014, Visegrad countries have as many votes in the EU as France and Germany combined. (harta: The Economist, 04 martie a.c.)

Next year Hungary and Poland will each have six months in the EU’s rotating presidency. Eurocrats in Brussels like to portray the rotating presidency as largely redundant now there is a permanent European Council president. The Poles and Hungarians are working closely together to disprove this. Hungary wants a “Danube strategy” to divert EU money and attention to the river basin. Poland supports this, in return for Hungarian backing for more EU aid to countries such as Georgia, Moldova and Belarus.

The group is gaining allies. “Visegrad-Plus” adds some neighbours, largely from the former Austro-Hungarian empire. Most of these (especially the core four) depend heavily on Russian gas and oil. These are typically costly and come from clapped-out fields along ageing pipelines through unreliable transit countries, with unwelcome political conditions attached.

One way to change this would be to turn the east-west gas pipelines into a grid, with interconnectors running north to south. New Hungarian pipelines to Romania and Croatia will be finished this year. A Czech-Polish connector will open in the summer of 2011. An EU-financed Bosnian-Serbian link will be announced on March 5th. A second idea is coastal terminals in Poland and Croatia to import liquefied natural gas by tanker from countries such as Qatar. The third plan is Nabucco, an ambitious pipeline to connect Caspian and Iraqi gasfields to Europe via Turkey.

Visegrad is also pushing for EU rules on mutual help in energy crises. These could offer the region greater security. But big obstacles remain. One is Russia, which is intensifying its co-operation with friendly energy companies in France, Germany and Italy. On a trip to France, Russia’s president, Dmitry Medvedev, started formal talks on the sale of up to four Mistral-class warships, while France’s GDF Suez gained a 9% stake in the Nord Stream pipeline.

Russia also continues to push South Stream, a Russian-backed Black Sea pipeline. But it now has less backing than Nabucco. The new Croatian prime minister, Jadranka Kosor, visited Moscow this week and signed up to receive gas from South Stream. But Hungary and other countries have stiffened Croatian resistance to other Russian plans, such as the attempt to gain control of an oil pipeline from the Croatian coast to Hungary. That is a lifeline for Hungary’s energy company, MOL, which otherwise depends solely on oil from the east and is fighting attempts by a Russian company, Surgutneftegaz, to gain control.

The biggest problem is that energy security costs money. Gas interconnectors, for example, sound fine. But the extra competition they bring hits market share for companies used to cosy national monopolies. The Visegrad governments may gripe about west Europeans. But they have plenty to do on the home front.

6 martie 2010 Posted by | Geopolitica, Intelo | , , , , , , | Lasă un comentariu